The Influence of Formula 1 on the Youth Development
History of the Motorsports Evolution
Motorsports is one of the most popular kinds of sport in the world. It is a group of events, for which the competitors use motorized vehicles. It is a relatively young sport, but it has already gained worldwide popularity and occupied a noticeable place in the lives of millions of people. Motorsports’ history goes back to 1894 when the publisher of French newspaper “Le Petit Journal,” Pierre Giffard, held the first race from Paris to Rouen. In the same period, similar competitions took place in Germany, Italy, the United States, and the United Kingdom. In the nineteenth century, auto racing was just an exotic entertainment. However, with the development of technologies, it has attracted more interest of competitors (wealthy enthusiasts - fans of new technologies), audience, and organizers of the competition. Thus, since the beginning of the twentieth century, racing has conquered its place in the world. In 1950, the Federation Internationale de l’automobile (FIA) created and introduced the term Formula 1. It was the most high-tech and expensive racing on the planet.
Each kind of sports has numerous fans. Sports stars are considered an example to follow; therefore, they have an enormous impact on the younger generation and adults. Formula 1 drivers have always been heroes in their countries. They have bathed in glory and adoration, and thousands of children have tried to be in the track of them. Even if young fans do not get into the racing industry, the motorsports will strongly influence their future lives. Fascination with the Formula 1 can shape child's interest in cars, their components, fuels, new technologies associated with motor sports, drivers’ lifestyle, and even the brands advertised during races. In the future, this interest, in turn, can inspire them to become auto mechanics, drivers, or even scientists involved in the development of new fuels and automotive designs. Thus, Formula 1 can determine the future growth and engage many teenagers in racing or related fields.
Social and Educational Aspects of the Formula 1 Influence on the Youth Growth
Formula 1 is not only an entertainment, which takes place on the raceways and the television. It penetrates into many areas of human life such as social and educational. Motorsports occupies a large part of the entertainment industry and influences other industries such as tourism and hospitality. It consists of numerous components such as drivers, race promoters, race teams, race equipment suppliers, racetrack operators, media partners, and sponsors, as well as merchandise. The U.S. motorsports depend on the economy more than other sports and entirely relies on sponsorship injections. Economic researches in North Carolina and Indiana consider the increase in employment in the motorsports industry. Today, there are only fistful universities and colleges in the US specializing in the Motorsports Management (for example, East Tennessee State University, Indiana University-Purdue University – Indianapolis, Belmont Abbey College, and Winston-Salem State University). In the UK, there are similar universities, which provide studying programs in the Motorsports Engineering, including Cranfield University and Oxford Brookes University. From these facts, one can conclude that motorsports, in general, and, Formula 1, in particular, generate educational vectors in the students’ development. They create jobs and produce educational programs for future specialists in the field of auto racing.
Furthermore, industry insiders have identified the personality traits that contribute to the career success in motorsports. Those who want to work in this industry should possess and develop these traits. If one extends the understanding of the process, one can say that Formula 1 attracts teenagers and makes them interested in the industry. Then, when this interest evolves into a desire to participate in the process and work in the field of racing, training programs are created for the cultivation of certain personal qualities. Thus, Formula 1 performs several functions. It does not only entertain but also requires the staff to operate as a unit by attracting and engaging. The personality traits pointed out by insiders were divided into groups:
- Collaborative (willingness to work in a team);
- Focused (ability to work qualitatively despite distractions and internal frustration);
- Trustworthy (refers to friendliness, reliability, competence, honesty, and openness);
- Ethical (acute sense of morality);
- Leadership (person’s ability to inspire the followers and subordinates and coordinate their actions in an effort to achieve specific objectives);
- Decision making (selection of a course of action);
- Passionate (the way a person feels and behaves).
Young et al. concluded in their research that there is a difference between job seekers involved in motorsports during their study and those, who have not been inspired by the racing industry. The authors of this research considered that students, who undertook an internship in the field of motor racing, would be more effective and ready to demonstrate a high readiness for action. These students better met the demand of the sports. As a result, specific studying programs can employ students with some industry experience in addition to the university enrollment.
Motorsport educational programs help to make the practitioners from the theorists. Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis offers a particular engineering program specializing in training alumni for the motor racing industry. As a part of this program, several new classes have been designed and implemented. Students, who took part in summer race series, began their engagement with motorsports before the start of the race season. The class was divided into four teams, each of which focused on technical details, sponsorship, race program, and public relations. The Sponsorship Team set the task of making a sponsorship package with the goal of engaging business in racing. The Public Relations Team had to attract new racing fans. The Technical Team began training with an aim to deepen their knowledge in technical aspects of the cars. The Program Team began gathering and creating materials and information for the programs that would be offered to the audience at the events. This program had the following objectives:
- To show splendid technical opportunities in the motorsports engineering and related fields;
- Apply attributes of the responsible citizenship;
- Develop effective oral and written communication skills;
- Figure out and pertain the environmental, ethical, diversity, cultural, and contemporary aspects of their work;
- Apply skills relevant to the motorsports industry;
- Develop appropriate operational and business skills.
The marks given by series officials, spectators, participants, and teachers affirmed that students had added value to the events. Particularly, high ratings were assigned to the technical assistance and high-quality event programs, which the students had made for spectators and participants. The students have demonstrated a positive attitude and willingness to work. The students’ feedback also demonstrated that they had learned a lot about the inner operations of the motorsports industry.
In any industry like Formula 1, which needs the real world experience to be highly productive, specialized learning capabilities can be specifically designed using interaction between the university and the industry. With a right guidance, the group of students can archive their goals and work effectively in the real-world environment beyond the area of their classroom and textbook learning. They will effectively function when they receive tasks tightly connected with their future career. Similar classes can achieve success only if the faculty, support staff, and industry work together. Such an educational program is a bright example of the direct influence of Formula 1 on the youth development.
As Formula 1 is the most expensive and high-tech sector of motorsports, it experiences the world's first automotive engineering innovations. Instead of the trial-and-error method of elaboration, which has dominated the motorsports in the past, engineers are now playing a primary role in designing new cars for competition. This situation has created a new sector of tuition at some institutions of higher education: the field of motorsports engineering. The use of engineering skills in designing with the aim of reaching improved vehicle frameworks in Formula 1 can identify subtle variations able to produce remarkable results. Engineering programs focused on Formula 1 can create educational programs and research projects with the ability to develop unique skills suitable for motorsports and prepare students capable of making a considerable influence on the industry. The industry and educational system partnerships can facilitate both innovative improvements and splendid learning opportunities. Moreover, developments in Formula 1 can bring improvements to streetcars technologies.
All research and development of new fuels, engines, body types, fireproof, light, and durable materials use Formula 1 as a testing bridgehead. If the innovation becomes sought-after in racing, managers will be looking for the ways to introduce these new technologies into mass production of automotive. In turn, engineers will work on the modification that will meet the needs of mass-market consumers. This logical chain demonstrates the relationship of Formula 1 and the automotive industry.
Scientific Aspect of the Formula 1 Influence on the Youth Growth
Science is the engine of every industry. Formula 1 influences many aspects of the youth development. The following three paragraphs will consider the influence of Formula 1 on the scientific development of young people. Some examples of specific technologies introduced by young professionals and students, which are intended to improve the speed qualities of racing cars, will be provided. The paper has already discussed educational issues concerning engineering and management in motorsports. The connection between industry insiders and potential job seekers, involved in the Formula 1, were also studied.
The demand makes the supply. Most scientific industries have an applied nature. Therefore, the demand for practical research results determines the vector of scientific development. Accordingly, one can conclude that owners of the industries, in which scientists work, influence the thoughts of these scientists. In other words, those who define the direction of the Formula 1 development also determine the direction of the young scientists’ development working in this field.
Some educational institutions provide the scientific projects, where the students and the undergraduates develop different scientific innovations. Imperial Racing Green is an undergraduate educational project at Imperial College London. Its undergraduate engineers are involved in designing, building, and racing the hydrogen fuel cell hybrid vehicles. The paper will present the team’s experience of developing and testing the automotive fuel cell system for the race application. In 2010, they took the task to develop an operational high-power PEMFC system. The team was given less than eight months to achieve the goal and relatively poor budget. Despite that fact, undergraduate engineers successfully designed and assembled their invention. As a result, the long-term relationships have been established with many sponsors. Imperial College engineers designed, independently tested on the bench, and then integrated into the whole balance of plant individual subsystems. Cell degradation mechanisms were investigated and used to inform the design of a Lab VIEW based control system. This system was implemented using Compact RIO hardware, and its performance was assessed at initial testing. Successful testing was conducted using the balance of plant to support an end of life P9.5 Nedstack up to 3.1 kW of gross power. Potential long- and short-term system developments have been identified. In educational terms, the Imperial Racing Green project provides an opportunity for undergraduate students to work in the team-based multi-disciplinary environment while developing innovative low carbon vehicle technology.
Scientific researches in motorsports leaded to the situation, when hybrid-powered racing cars become more widespread. Hybrid-powered vehicles have been in the market for over fifteen years, focusing on CO2 and intake contraction, as well as the maintenance of the green image of a trademark. Technical regulations have caused a late appearance of hybrid technology in motorsports. Due to regulations, the energy generated during deceleration is not accumulated; thus, it cannot be used for acceleration. Nevertheless, the lap time and the fuel intake are important facets in racing. In motorsports, a hybrid system technology would be very effective since those cars are almost never in stationery behavior but always interleaving between acceleration and deceleration – ideal conditions for an energy recovery system. The fact that a racing car wastes about 50% of a lap at the limit of its physics needs to be taken into account. In 2009, KERS could increase the performance of a race vehicle. Either the lap time could be shortened, and/or the top speed could be elevated. However, it is necessary to optimize many constituencies for specific racing demands. For 2011, the regulations have been adjusted in several motorsport categories in order to get higher gains from the hybrid use. However, the Formula 1 season of 2011 had one limitation: the restriction to restore energy only during the brakes. If it is allowed to load the storage equipment also during the part load phase of the combustion engine, an additional lap time gain of 0.2 to 0.3 s will be achieved. It would be possible even by using the same batteries and the same electric machines. As one can see, Formula 1 contributes to the search for new solutions and creation of new technologies, including energy-efficient and ecologically friendly ones. Hybrid systems are a proof of this assumption. By stimulating the creation of new technologies, Formula 1 causes a development of young scientists, inspired by motorsports.
Cultural Aspects of the Formula 1 Influence on the Youth Growth
Formula 1 like every great event is the inalienable part of national culture. The following three paragraphs will reveal a cultural aspect of the Formula 1 influence on the youth growth. Prime sports events have a vast influence on the public; moreover, they affect the prestige and the status of the host city. Motorsports is undoubtedly an important component of the cultural identity. Evidently, great sports events can make the cities, where they are held, the places of pride. They promote dialogue and reunification of many strata of society and raise the national spirit. As Formula 1 is the one of the most popular kinds of sports, everything associated with it has a significant influence on the public culture. Such legendary race drivers as Michael Schumacher, Alain Prost, and Fernando Alonso became the cultural idols both in their home countries and worldwide. For thousands of young motor racing enthusiasts, they are the role models to follow. Therefore, they encourage (mainly indirectly) young fans to develop in a particular way.
Despite all the positive results of motorsports on the culture of numerous countries on the planet, racing events may have a significantly greater negative impact on the environment, as well as public health and culture. Formula 1 events cause long-term effects for the driver behavior and the sales of motor vehicles, as well as contribute to the consumerist lifestyles. Motorsports in Australia is still strongly associated with alcohol sponsorship. Furthermore, the Marlboro brand, which has adorned the cars of Ferrari team for a long time, is clearly imprinted in the minds of Formula 1 fans. This situation leads to the fact that a certain brand of cigarette or alcohol is inextricably associated with the ideal and emotionally rich image of the idol. Even after the ban on advertising of alcohol and tobacco on Formula 1 events, a strong association in people's minds will affect their behavior for a long time.
Every kind of sport is connected with specific lifestyle. Probably, tobacco and alcohol advertising on Formula 1 events attracted people carried away by hard drinking to motorsports. Similar statement has been proven by the research of Wymbs et al. In their article, scientists stated that teenagers and young adults engaged in the hard alcohol use and suffering from attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) were more likely to engage in motorsports. Researchers interviewed nearly four hundred recipients with and without ADHD diagnosed in childhood. Resistant impulsivity, conduct disorder or antisocial personality disorder (CD/ASP), heavy drinking, and risky driving in young age were also considered. After having analyzed results, they concluded that people with ADHD and CD/ASP were more prone to heavy drinking, which was associated with common motor sporting. The racing involvement was associated with more dangerous and alcohol-influenced driving. This association was more frequent in those with than without the ADHD histories. From this study, one can conclude that the alcohol consumption, reckless driving, and Formula 1 are in the same associative row in the minds of young people. Causal connections in this phenomenon may become the subject of another study. One can assume that the explosive nature of adolescents is the major cause for all hobbies that go beyond the proper and safe behavior. Such a demeanor may take place due to the transition period of adolescence, rebellion, and disagreement. In this instance, all teenagers are addicted to forbidden (alcohol, smoking, drugs) and risky things, including motorsports.
Motorsports is one of the most worshiped kinds of sport on the planet. It is a rather young sport, but it has already earned worldwide popularity and occupied a considerable place in the lives of millions of people. At the end of this research, one can conclude that Formula 1 has both positive and negative effects on the development of young people. This kind of sports, which is one of the most popular ones in the world, contributes to the development of automotive engineering and scientific developments in the field of auto racing and, thus, the development of young professionals. However, the negative impact on the public health and environment should not be ignored.