Despite the idea that women are more passive in expressing mating behavior than men, female choice is a true phenomenon that regulates interpersonal relations. To understand this phenomenon one should refer to the term sexual selection. Sexual selection is an innate program that includes a set of unconscious actions, which are subordinated to the goals of choosing, attracting, keeping or replacing a mate. According to Darwin, both genders actively participate in sexual selection with the purpose to ensure that the best genes are passed on, which promises the survival of species. Hence, dominated by males society was reluctant to admit that idea since it contradicted with the concept of women’s submissiveness. Therefore, in the modern world female choice is an important anthropological concept that should be thoroughly studied. The goals of sexual selection are achieved by sexual strategies. These strategies are “adaptive solutions for mating problems” that “do not require conscious planning or awareness”. Given that female choice mostly refers to males, wining female preferences is one of the main reasons of competition between males. In other words, it is identified that female sexual preferences determine the rules of the male rivalry. Without a doubt, sexual selection includes a lot of unethical approaches, which however, serve to accomplish a positive goal—providing competitive offspring. In particular, female choice is conducted by changing appearance, expressing sexuality, lessening the value of rivals, deception, and other strategies. These methods are especially relevant for attracting a mate. Nevertheless, encouraging a mate to maintain loyalty is the next important goal of sexual selection. In this regard, jealousy is considered as a “psychological strategy that evolved to combat infidelity“. What is more, sexual selection suggests evolving separation strategies to get rid from an unbeneficial mate. In terms of humans’ relations, the main strategy of jettisoning an undesirable mate is a divorce. These sexual strategies are closely connected with the animal behaviors that are believed to be the basis of human unconscious choices.
Consider an example, female choice presumes applying to jealousy, which is a true sexual strategy that serves to save a partner. It is explained as an approach to assure procreation and protection of a female and her offspring. Jealousy can be expressed through anger or demonstration of own superiority over rivals. In both cases, it is subordinated to the purpose of saving relations with a mate. Therefore, one may conclude that jealousy is an important regulator of intimate relations between a man and a woman, which remains topical in a modern social world. It means that female choice is a true phenomenon that impacts the relations of the sexes.
Moreover, a great rate of divorces implies that today’s female choice is often about changing a partner. At the first sight, one may not connect separation/ divorces with the notion of sexual selection. Hence, a closer observation suggests that women still implement this sexual strategy more often than they did it during the former centuries. Consequently, a marriage is subordinated to biological stimuli set by a female choice.
Besides, attracting a mate is one of the critical mating strategies, which is also a part of a female choice. The today’s service industry proposes a number of ways to make a woman more competitive. The decision to change appearance is believed to be a kind of deception and, thus, many people consider this approach to be wrong and unethical. Nonetheless, the beauty industry thrives, which means that most women strive to change themselves physically in order to attract a partner. This endeavor illustrates that female choice regulates behaviors and relations of the contemporary people.
Considering the above-discussed arguments, it is possible to conclude that female choice is the unconscious phenomenon that comprises sexual preferences and competitive strategies of sexual selection. In addition, one should stress that female choice is based on biological stimuli of self-protection and procreation. Sexual selection, which is known since Darwin, is directly linked to female choice in the contemporary world. The corresponding concepts (fulfilling biological needs, survival of the fittest), to a great extend, predefine females’ sexual selection in the modern world. That is why, it is natural to deduce that female choice is a true and relevant notion that can be understood while referring to the above-discussed sexual strategies.
Short and Long-Term Mating in Males vs. Females
The diverse causes of short and long-term mating in males and females stipulate the emergence of conflicts between genders; however, this concept is false for humans because it is greatly affected with social triggers. In other words, “human behavior is a product both of our innate human nature and of our unique individual experiences and environment”. To a great extent, a conflict between sexes is predefined by the use of the diverse sexual strategies while seeking mating. Specifically, it is detected that “men generally have lower thresholds for having sex” than women. As a result, “an insistence on immediate sex interferes with a requirement for a prolonged courtship”. In this way, male’s strategies interfere with female’s goals. What is more, even when mating goals are accomplished and developed into long-term relations the diversity in sexual strategies remains prominent. Thus, conflicts between sexes are ever-existing. Scrutinizing the primary cause of gender conflicts, one should point out that men mostly benefit from short-term mating because they are capable of producing greater amount of offspring. In addition, short-term relations allow having more mates, which increases survival potential because of the enhanced gene diversity and rearing patterns. That is why, men are stronger attracted to new partners. In contrast, women need resources and protection for raising competitive offspring. This idea implies that for females long-term relations are more advantageous than for males. Besides, it suggests that women need less sexual partners than men. Given these arguments, it is natural to assume that the difference in mating goals predefines the diversity between male and female sexual strategies.
Nevertheless, if various sexual strategies intensify conflicts between genders, it means that, to succeed in mating, at least one member should adopt deceptive strategies to veil the true goals. This premise implies that short and long-term relations should have much in common; otherwise, the mating goals of both parties may be challenged. For instance, given that women seek for care and protection in both kinds of relations, men should reveal the corresponding qualities regardless their plans (lasting or short-term mating). Assuming that it is true, the males’ behavioral patterns should be similar in both cases. In these terms, it is natural to suggest that similar behavioral patterns reduce qualitative difference in sexual strategies implemented by males for short and long-term relations. Therefore, the premise about diverse behavior that depends on the mating goals may be considered to be false.
Moreover, despite above-discussed difference in the purposes of sexual relations, men and women share some similar goals in both lasting and immediate mating. For example, both genders want to check sexual compatibility before short-term relations are prolonged. This idea opposes the premise that women need fewer partners and less mating than men. Besides, women may develop short-term relations with multiple partners in order to detect the most competitive male in terms of financial position and social status. Given this rationale, it is natural to presume that, in many cases, the goals of both genders in lasting and short-term relations coincide. This peculiarity implies that short versus long-term mating patterns for humans are less relevant than for animals, therefore this premise about different mating patterns is false.
In addition, both men and women comprehend that lasting mating suggests less costs comparing to immediate mating. Specifically, it prevents the development of poor reputation, reduces the probability of being infected with STDs, ensures better care/protection to both partners, and decreases financial losses. Therefore, it is natural to presume that society encourages people to establish and maintain lasting relations. This approach facilitates the lives of particular individuals. Consequently, seeking for long-term relations is stipulated by sociological factors that are combined with a biological endeavor to ensure own safety and well-being.
Summing up, conflicts of the sexes are heavily based on the diverse biological goals of men and women. In this respect, it is true that males tend to seek immediate mating, whereas, females prefer to develop commitment. Nevertheless, being shaped with social influences, behavioral patterns of both types of relations greatly resembles. To lessen the tension created by the goals of procreation individuals are supposed to develop behaviors that are appealing for a partner. This approach enhanced the chances of immediate and lasting mating. As a result, diverse relations gain more similarities. Besides, despite the fact that women and men typically have different motives for developing certain kind of relationship, they share a number of similar aims and approaches. This insight implies that the conflicts of the sexes are predefined by biological triggers, but at the same time, these relations are greatly shaped by social factors. Thus, one can conclude that the long and short-time mating patterns are more appropriate for the animal world; whereas, for people, this concept is significantly reduced by social behaviors and values. Consequently, the discussed notion is false.