Comparison of Germany and The United Kingdom’s Climate Change Control Policies
In an effort to control environmental pollution, the United Kingdom and Germany among several other European countries implement climate change and anti-pollution policies. All policies and strategies are aimed at compelling both private and public sectors to pool efforts towards eco-friendly behaviors with the country. Before a policy is formulated, approved and implemented, researchers and scholars assist the government by venturing into research and the utilization of research findings to properly determine the strategies that will yield efficient and effective policies. Climate Change and environmental protection policies are implemented to ensure safer environments cleaner air and water. These policies enforce the regulation of pollutive lifestyles/behaviors, commercial, and leisure activities; in order to preserve/promote biodiversity and a healthier environment for safer living conditions.
Several countries around the world have taken and are currently taking various actions towards having a positive effect on climate change and cutting down the rate of carbon emissions. As a result of government environmental policies, people residing in climate and eco-conscious countries have resulted in seeking and using alternative sources of energy, such as windmills, biomass fuels, solar energy panels and so much more. Scientists have long emphasized the detriment of CO2 and other gas emissions into the atmosphere, its connection to global warming and how the use low or non-carbon emission and renewable energy sources can change the course of climate change for the better. Obviously, different countries propose and implement different climate change/environmental policies. The factors that make the difference between the policies adopted by every individual country vary broadly from one country to another. However, it is necessary that government climate change policies are practical adaptable and government assisted. Germany and the United Kingdom seem to be some of Europe's leading renewable energy and climate change strategists. This paper will compare and discuss the various strategies, policies, and measures taken by the United Kingdom and Germany to monitor and control environmental pollution and Climate change.
According to Carrington, the visible radical energy transformation noticed in Germany was influenced by an endless quest to find the most efficient and effective renewable sources of energy, with lesser or no harm to the environment. Germans have experimented with different sources of renewable energy over the last couple of decades. One of which once set a new world record for generating power through solar energy equivalent to the energy produced by 20 nuclear power sites.
Germany's rapid energy reforms were made a highly profiled political agenda for the German government. Furthermore, German environmentalist Josef Göppel acknowledged the fact that energy reforms must take place under a social dimension. Josef Göppel insinuated that the people living in any given country must be interested in an environmental policy because, their willingness to adapt to using a government initiated alternate source of energy is vital to the broad acceptance of climate change/ environmental policies.
Comparison of Policy Making Procedures
According to Münch, Germany and the United Kingdom are both active participants in the world intervention towards addressing ozone depletion, global warming and the pollution of the tropospheric air. Although, they share the same goals in terms of initiating policies and actions towards climate change and environmental pollution control; they exploit different policy making approaches. This is as a result of the different training degrees of their environmental policy makers, the different opinions considered during the policy-making process and finally the policy making culture, of both countries. Policy making procedures are characterized by the lesser constraints of single state power concentrated in the United Kingdom, more than anywhere else in Europe.
On the other hand, pollution policymaking procedures in Germany are considered to be technocratic, source focused and legalistic. The creation of emission standards in Germany is carried out through negotiation processes. The law places a mandate on those who own facilities that produce emissions to update their facilities with the latest innovative technologies that minimize the emission rate of the facility. As noted earlier, German pollution policy makers address the major sources of pollution directly, and that approach automatically makes corporate organizations the culprits. Since these "culprits" organizations are also a vital part of the German economy, the government allows them to be part of pollution policymaking processes. Therefore, the interests of these corporations are reflected in the policies. In other words, the public is only partially integrated into the policy making processes. In order to compensate for the less public involvement policy makers adopt the culture of portraying the public as the third party who lacks insight on the matter. Therefore the public lacks and needs enlightenment. Conclusively, knowledge is always held in high esteem, and engineers are supposedly the bearers and givers of knowledge.
Comparison of Climate Policy Goals
Germany's climate policy aims at cutting its GHG emissions rate by 40% before or by the year 2020. Aside Germany's Ambitions to reduce emission within its territory, it still participates in the European Union (EU) 2008 energy package like it's other EU counterparts. The EU's climate control policy compels EU state member countries to comply with the following:
- Reducing 14% of the emissions release in 2005 by the year 2020; for EU ETS non-covered sectors;
- Reducing 21% of the emissions release in 2005 by the year 2020; for EU ETS covered sectors;
- Increasing the consumption and sharing of renewable fuels by 18% till the year 2020;
- Increasing the consumption and sharing of renewable fuels for transportation by 10% till the year 2020.
In addition to the alternative renewable consumption goals, Germany just like every other EU member must reduce energy consumption by 20% till the year 2020. Germany's domestic climate policy aims to achieve 40% reduction of GHG emissions from the year 1990 till 2020, whereby creating a potential increase by "raising the bars higher" that the requirements prescribed by the EU's climate control requirement.