Gustav Klimt and Pablo Picasso

Pablo Picasso

Les Demoiselles d'Avignon is a renowned artwork by Pablo Picasso that illustrates five prostitutes in a brothel, in the Avignon, Barcelona. The contentious eye-catching art is currently displayed in the Museum of Art in New York. The oil on canvas painting measures 8' x 7'8, and symbolizes a key landmark in the history of contemporary art. Picasso contentious and prevailing painting broke all conventional notions and outlook of ultimate beauty. It depicted him away from other artists and steered in the innovative artistic movement of cubism. In the few months towards the art formation, Picasso strives with the matter- five women in a den. Therefore, the painting symbolizes a fundamental break away from the customary masterpiece and outlook.


In the nineteenth century painting, prostitutes performed a crucial task as they were perceived as disruptive and subversive to the sexual and social status quo. Picasso’s understanding of this subject should be put into consideration whenever this work is being evaluated because it assisted the painting in turning out to be the most crucial piece of art of the century. The artwork started as a tale brothel scene on the street of Avignon in Barcelona city where Picasso was still a youth practicing art. Therefore, he formed up over 100 rough copies and preface painting prior to the final design.

Earlier on, the painting consisted of five nude prostitutes and men, a patron bordered by two women, including a medical student with a skull, possibly indicating that the wages of sin in actual sense are death. The sailor appeared to be moving into the curtained room at the spot where the ladies are positioned standing, and the woman on the left side comprises of the sketches of being that man walking into the room, and the viewer even feel a kind of masculinity in the type of statue carving of her body and the manner in which that big foot is moving toward the others. However, the painting changed as he carried on working on it. In the final design, the patron is removed, while the medical student, who has been termed as a stand-in for the artist, has turned out to be the fifth woman comprising of an old mask, holding back the pink curtain to the display of the viewer, as their faces are frighteningly solicitous and daring.

One outstanding feature of this artwork is the manner in which this point whereby these women are placed is nearly ominous to the viewer. Instead of feeling as if these women are nice and well-set back in some sort of room that the viewer is seeing, to some extent, the women are nearly piled on top of each other in a manner onto the canvas to appear like they are about to come out of it. It is an element of the aspiration of the artwork to tackle the viewer intellectually, physically, and psychologically with all that is happening on it. By restructuring the three-dimensional space and making the characters to assume the complete focus of the observer, Picasso makes the viewer to assume an unmixed view at the women devoid of the relieve of a gorgeous background on which to fall back. 

There exists a robust trace of sexual disquiet as Picasso made each of the shapes differently. The woman on the left side is shown nude, apart from the piece of red fabric strewn on the right side. Each consecutive outline displays her full body with the exclusion of where the material wraps her. Two of the prostitutes, seem to push away the curtains near the space in which the other women display erotic and seductive poses, but their figures are comprised of flat, fractured planes instead of the rounded volumes, their eyes are asymmetrical. The woman dragging the curtain on the right head is the most cubist of all the five, characterizing pointed geometric shapes. At the same time, the women at the setting cast into one, the single hint of any three-dimensional space is placed a small basket of fruit in the fore. The fruit provides the viewer a feeling of incursion; it appears as though the viewer has come into a private party of prostitutes and thus the viewer has interrupted their eating.

In this artwork, Picasso attempts to go against the set of laws of classical art and training. He employs various shapes, dimensions, figures and colors. He paints the manner in which the women seem to show in his mind, not the manner in which they must look like or seem as filtered through his eyes. By ignoring the rules and codes of art, he makes the audience to retrace their standpoints of beauty and to settle on whether what their perception of beauty is matter or not. The viewer must reexamine whatever has earlier been perceived beautiful in the initial works of art. Even as his subject is significant and idea aggravating, it in fact does not matter whatever the general message of his art is.

The actual influence of the painting lies in the reality that it was created to flout all the earlier set rules. By flouting and redefining the rules, Picasso made it in bringing out a difference between him and other artists. He ignores the middle-class society and the customary principles of the time, choosing the sexual freedom displayed in a brothel. Therefore, the uniqueness of Picasso’s vision and finishing in Les Demoiselles d'Avignon assist establish cubism, which is the broadly celebrated and innovative art movement that he progressed in the preceding years.

Gustav Klimt

Gustav Klimt of 1862 to 1918 was a luminous iconoclast and an outstanding figure in the Viennese Secession as well as the art nouveau movement. His greatest works are sketches, paintings, murals, and several art objects. His main subject was the female body, while his masterpieces are characterized by a candid eroticism. Gustav Klimt made his outstanding piece The Kiss in the year 1908. The painting, which is believed to be one of his renowned artworks in history measures approximately 70.9 in × 70.9 in by 180 x 180 cm. Klimt surveyed the human relationship that led this piece of art to life. This discovery was believed by many to be contemporary at this period. It can be argued that Klimt’s insight was brought about following his visit to Italy in 1903. He was stimulated to utilize gold when paid a visit to the church of San Vitale. The Byzantine mosaics offered him a fresh outlook when it turned out to employing the uniformity and intensity that led to a complete new approach to the color. This was the beginning of his expedition to utilizing silver and gold in his artworks. 

The artwork is currently situated in the Österreichische Galerie Belvedere museum in Vienna, and is broadly perceived a painting of the prehistoric contemporary era. It is a representation of Vienna Jugendstil--Viennese Art Nouveau, which is Klimt’s most celebrated work. The Kiss is depicted by a man and a woman cuddling and sharing a fervent kiss. The piece of art displays that the two are clothed in gowns that are extremely decorated. It can be identified that the art displayed the manner in which love must be in some instances. It must be deep, fervent and full of pleasure. In this work, Klimt employed his awareness in gold leafing to add life to his painting. He utilized greens, gold, brown, and yellow as the main color masterpiece in this artwork. He also employed gold leafing to the setting of the piece, thereby displaying additional intensity to the kissing couple.

This is probably Klimt’s most famous and well-liked celebration of sexual love. This is because the woman is engrossed by the man, while both images are surrounded by the body of gold where they lie. The background hints a night sky, while the bodies hover at the border of a flowery field, as if they are in risk of surging into the darkness. Figurative forms only scarcely appear from an extremely ornate, but eventually abstract, which is the golden veil that is superbly contrasted against the green and brown. The painting is perceived as the stunning success of the artist’s Golden era, and despite the fact that the decoration is detailed, Klimt utilized it for representation reasons, with rectangular shapes suggesting masculinity while circular appearances suggest the feminine. 

The artist also utilized fresco, mosaic methods as well as oil paintings in this painting as this can be displayed in the carpet of flowers. The role of spirals, swirls, and phallic design was the major masterpiece of The Kiss. The artist was in a position to illustrate the implication of closeness and fervor in his canvas. He managed to put to life his passion for the Byzantine mosaics. The entangled couple was a wonderful symbolism of the manner in which love unites couple into lone enduring kiss. It is for a fact that he was in a position to display the world the manner in which he perceived passion.

What makes the painting to look exceptional as compared to his other works is the fact that the art is created of modernity as well as a near relationship with eroticism. He seeks to offer an aspect that is nearly crowned to his fabric. The piece of art is adorned with spherical biomorphic shapes. The man wears a robe consisting of white and black rectangles erratically put on a gold setting comprising of a spiral decoration, with a coronet of vines. On the other hand, the woman is fitted with a cloth comprising of flower-like round motifs on a setting of matching curvy lines. Her hair is strewn with flowers and is looks shabby in the manner of the day; it creates a halo-like loop, which illuminates her face, and is prolonging under her chin by what appears to be a necklace of flowers. At the same time, traditional oil painting, gold leaf has been utilized, one of the features of the art that offers a noticeably contemporary outlook, while suggesting memories of much initial art. 

This painting has established from the artist’s own symbolism. The figure is so seductive to the extent that it is easy to miss the other, photo-Expressionist aspect of the artist style, which can perhaps be viewed in the poignantly twisted toes and distorted hand of the woman, and in the coloration of her body evoking putrefaction. This significant explicit style sits provoking alongside the voluptuous decorative surplus in the artist’s masterpiece, brought him to be criticized for pornography and distorted extremes especially in those works custom-made to beautify the ceiling of Vienna University. Nevertheless, it was this feature of Klimt’s painting that eventually would impact his younger generations.

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Nov 13, 2019 in Culture Essay Samples